A large number of foreign invader communities like the Greeks, Kushans, Sakas and Hunas settled in India and were in due course assimilated in Hinduism, while retained some of their characterstics and hence formed different social groups.
Politically India is now a sovereign state. Organization of ritual and temple services, concentration of land holdings correlates caste rank with secular power and promotes consistency in the total hierarchy of inter-caste relations.
Separated by lanes were the quarters in which the middle ranking castes lived.
Jobs for upper castes The role of the British Raj on the caste system in India is controversial. One is consanguine and the other is affine. If anything, it depended for many things on other castes.
This school justifies its theory primarily by citing the ancient law book Manusmriti and disregards economic, political or historical evidence. It connotes a sense of one-ness, a sense of we-ness.
There is also the presence of a large number of scheduled caste groups, which have a numerical preponderance in the population. There is a difference between unity and uniformity. These four varnas were Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Sudra. The Indo-Aryans asserted their superiority by creating a four-fold division of the society which came to be known as Chatur Varnaya and placing themselves in the upper strata of the Brahman and Kshatriya ranks.
As the mode of agriculture took its roots and expanded in space it resulted in a new organization of social forces of production.
The Mahabharata then declares, "There is no distinction of varnas. Indian society was organized in such a way that various social groups were independent of each other.
Thus a Hindu may be dependent for the washing of his clothes on a Muslim washerman. Presently, Indian society is highly diverse. This whole universe is Brahman. Pluralism In context of a society, pluralism can be seen in various aspects.
However, diversity needs to be differentiated from fragmentation. The erstwhile dasas are renamed Shudras, probably to distinguish them from the new meaning of dasa as slave. This region includes the region between the Himalayas in the North and the Vindhyas in the South.
In certain villages traditional caste panchayats and leaders are still a powerful means of control. The relations were traditionally between a food producing family and the families that supported them with goods and services.
Jajmani system is that mechanism which has formalised and regulated this functional interdependence. Thus pluralism can be said to be a diffusion of power among many special-interest groups, prevents any one group from gaining control of the government and using it to oppress the people. Ashraf are in turn divided into Shaikh, Saiyed, Mughal, Pathan while Ajlaf consist of various other castes like teli oil pressuredhobi washermandarjee tailoretc.
Caste ranking may not be clear-cut and may promote disputes about caste ranking and status within the hierarchy. And everything passes for Hinduism. The geographic patterning of the caste groups is such that in some constituencies some castes are preponderant. Efforts have been made from time to time by sensitive and sensible leaders of both the communities to synthesise Hindu and Muslim traditions so as to bring the two major communities closer to each other.
These economic organizations depend a lot on the caste structure and regional topography and vice versa. For example, for some early European documenters it was thought to correspond with the endogamous varnas referred to in ancient Indian scripts, and its meaning corresponds in the sense of estates.
No caste was self-sufficient. Nor were jati the building blocks of society. These power structures are highly formalized in certain caste groups and informal in others. Risley and for fitting his definition to then prevalent colonial orientalist perspectives on caste.
Urbanization and industrialization in many regions of the country have resulted in occupational diversification thus changing the traditional inter-caste relations drastically.
Like diversity, thus, uniformity is also a collective concept.
North India is in itself a very large region, having innumerable types of kinship systems. Thus caste in independent India became a volatile issue.Start studying Social Studies - The Hindu Caste System, Social Structure, India.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Indian Caste System is historically one of the main dimensions where people in Indian are socially differentiated through class, religion, region, tribe, gender, and language.1 The Indian Caste System is considered a closed system of stratification, which means that a person’s social status is obligated to which caste they were born into.
Nehru's vision for India was to make it a secular, casteless, and modern industrial nation. Indira Gandhi was Nehru's daughter, became Prime Minister inbut was assasinated by 2 of her Sikh bodyguards at the Golden Temple. Caste is a basic attribute of the Indian social structure. For centuries it has served as a major reference point in social interaction and continues to do so in some form or the other even today.
Social hierarchy is based on caste and it is this philosophical vision that determines the behaviour of millions of Indian people in whichever walk of life they are. Caste system is a predominant feature of the social structure in India.
It is an inscriptive looking at sub-national jurisdictions within large federal states. While political competition In India caste identity and solidarities are.
Caste Structure and Characteristics iii. Origins and History iv. Religion, Culture, and Caste the origins of the system and even focuses on caste, sub-caste, and kin.
This b. Topic: The history of the Indian caste system and its effects on India today c. Thesis: The Indian Caste System is historically one of the main dimensions where.Download