The suicide of street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi is widely seen as having sparked the rebellion that brought down the Tunisian government and then spread to EgyptLibya and beyond.
The first wave of novitiates, about 50 in number, many of whom were born in the new millennium having political aspirations and disillusioned with the political establishment and affected by the Umbrella Movement, contested the district council elections.
He was charged with "access to computer with criminal or dishonest intent", the first such arrest since the protests began.
And since then, the violent and sectarian unrest in Syria has brought increased attention to the role of citizen journalism. At first, digital media allowed democratization movements to develop new tactics for catching dictators off guard.
In particular, his suicide was filmed and facts were adjusted to frame the death in a way that appealed to a broad range of Tunisians.
The uprising was successful because activists successfully managed to bridge geographical and class divides as well as to converge offline and online activisms.
Later, people finish up the tabernacles, making the tent groups to have some form of small communities, such as Nathan Village, Harcourt village and so on. For the past few years in Egypt, social media became a powerful tool used by citizens Effect of social media on the umbrella movement uncover corruption, mobilize for protests, and act as real watchdog over the mainstream media and the government.
International Journal of Communication, The operation to block Lung Wo Road on 14 October was planned on the forum. The high level of production and dissemination of multimedia content, undertaken by about half the sample, shows that it became difficult to suppress information about protests.
A group of students hung a banner on Lennon Wall. Chin was put under house arrest in a room in an airport hotel watched over by two officials and was forbidden from approaching windows. Newspapers have made the greatest inroads here so far, with most offering at least some form of digital content, while still maintaining print versions for older generations and those who prefer a physical newspaper.
Some media organizations may have their own positions and purpose on different political issues. On September 28, in the midst of the police action to clear thousands of protesters from the streets outside government headquarters, it was impossible to get reliable news from the ground, Tao said.
TVB can be considered as the prime example here, as they needed to consider the advertisement and the investment from Chinese companies, for avoiding the conflicts, TVB will be wisely selecting or even filter some contents and images. Although social media have mostly been used by citizens as a platform for public opinion expression and mobilization, they have become important propaganda tools used by governments.
Journalists were also attacked. Protesters intent on "shopping" remained until dawn. The head of the team is a professional life-guard and unionist. Activists have been arrested and had their residences searched,  police have demonstrated elevated levels of violent suppression and brutality.
A prominent slogan read, "Without democracy, how can we have the rule of law? In covering what some deemed the Facebook or Twitter revolutions, the media focused heavily on young protesters mobilizing in the streets in political opposition, smartphones in hand.
Journal of Communication, AprilVol. Chan having banners denouncing him appear near his home, attempted hacking of his email, family members tailed, men staking out his house around the clock, receiving hate mail, death threats and even letters containing razor blades;  Tai having his email account hacked, receiving hate mail and nuisance telephone calls; Chu giving up using his mobile phone due to persistent crank or threatening calls, his son being followed and filmed when making school runs, the photographs being posted up subsequently near his home and church;  Wong having had his telephone numbers and that of his mother and his purported address made public.
Similar pages sharing stories inside Occupy camps, such as the Sordicma page jointly-managed by Jessie Pang Yu-tung, are aimed at attracting an anti-Occupy audience in a bid to win them over the cause.
The revolution which started as an event on the social networking site Facebook. The mainstream media on one hand can report the immediate news to audience, and give a first-hand information to the general public on the other hand. Passing along information is an important part of the news process.
Perspectives on Politics, JuneIssue 02, Click here for all the latest Occupy Central stories One image captured by Tao and posted on photo-sharing platform Instagram showed protesters with their backs turned, hands covering their ears as they scrambled to safety from the plume of tear gas smoke just metres away.
Networks formed online were crucial in organizing a core group of activists, specifically in Egypt. During that period the protests were among the most talked about events in the world. Journal of Communication, February Richard Bush recently delivered testimony on the impact of the "Umbrella Movement" in Hong Kong before the Subcommittee on East Asian and Pacific Affairs of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
‘‘supersize effects” and ‘‘theory effects” on social movements. The former refers to how digital media facilitate more powerful and efficient mobilization.
The latter refers to how the affordances of Social Media during Umbrella Movement” during the capstone fair.
(Figure 1) The respondents are from the passengers and the.
Since social media is conceived of as “insurgent” during controversial times, we expect to see a significant link between the use of social media for political news and anti-establishment attitudes during the Umbrella Movement.
Social media won’t prevent Beijing from cracking down on the protesters in Hong Kong, but if a violent repression occurs, the world will be watching in real time.
The sense of being part of a global online community has encouraged the protest movement. Social media functioned to broker connections between previously disconnected groups, to spread shared grievances beyond the small community of activist leaders, and to globalize the reach and appeal of the domestic movement for democratic change.
Watch video · This was a key messing app used during the Umbrella protests when telecommunications networks' services came under pressure from overcrowding in certain areas.
Aside from rallying Hong Kong people into action, technology and social media was also a "good channel for [garnering] international support," said Wong.Download